Modalities

  • Computed Tomography (CT)

    Computed Tomography (CT), also commonly referred to as a CAT scan, is a medical imaging method that combines multiple X-ray projections taken from different angles to produce detailed cross-sectional images of areas inside the body.  CT images allow doctors to get very precise, 3-D views of certain parts of the body, such as soft tissues, the pelvis, blood vessels, the lungs, the brain, the heart, abdomen and bones. CT is also often the preferred method of diagnosing many cancers, such as liver, lung and pancreatic cancers.

    CT is often used to evaluate:

    • Presence, size and location of tumors
    • Organs in the pelvis, chest and abdomen
    • Colon health (CT colongraphy)
    • Vascular condition/blood flow
    • Pulmonary embolism (CT angiography)
    • Abdominal aortic aneurysms (CT angiography)
    • Bone injuries
    • Cardiac tissue
    • Traumatic injuries
    • Cardiovascular disease

     

    Courtesy of Siemens
    Courtesy of Siemens
  • Medical Imaging Informatics (MII)

    Medical Imaging Informatics (MII)  is comprised of  all equipment, components, and accessories used in medical imaging. MITA’s activities with MII  include the creation of policies that help IT manufacturers assess and manage security risks in the safe exchange of healthcare information, the development of a regulatory framework for the regulation of health information technology (HIT), the availability of educational content in the domain of Imaging Informatics and related topics, and the definition of the future of MII by outlining standards, operability, use cases, etc.

    Examples of MII include:

    • Picture archiving and communication system (PACS) and component systems
    • Radiology Information Systems (RIS) and Hospital Information Systems (HIS)
    • Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD)
    • Teleradiology
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

    Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technology that uses radio waves and a magnetic field to create detailed images of organs and tissues. MRI has proven to be highly effective in diagnosing a number of conditions by showing the difference between normal and diseased soft tissues of the body.

    MRI is often used to evaluate:

    • Blood vessels
    • Abnormal tissue
    • Breasts
    • Bones and joints
    • Organs in the pelvis, chest and abdomen (heart, liver, kidney, spleen)
    • Spinal injuries
    • Tendon and ligament tears

     

    Courtesy of GE Healthcare
    Courtesy of GE Healthcare
  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

    Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a nuclear imaging technique that provides physicians with information about how tissues and organs are functioning. PET, often used in combination with CT imaging, uses a scanner and a small amount of radiopharmaceuticals which is injected into a patient’s vein to assist in making detailed, computerized pictures of areas inside the body.

    PET is often used to evaluate:

    • Neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s and Multiple Sclerosis
    • Cancer
    • Effectiveness of treatments
    • Heart conditions

     

     

    Click here to access additional PET resources

    Courtesy of Siemens
    Courtesy of Siemens
  • Ultrasound

    Diagnostic ultrasound, also known as medical sonography or ultrasonography, uses high frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. The ultrasound machine sends sound waves into the body and is able to convert the returning sound echoes into a picture. Ultrasound technology can also produce audible sounds of blood flow, allowing medical professionals to use both sounds and visuals to assess a patient’s health.

    Ultrasound is often used to evaluate:

    • Pregnancy
    • Abnormalities in the heart and blood vessels
    • Organs in the pelvis and abdomen
    • Symptoms of pain, swelling and infection

     

    Courtesy of SonoSite
    Courtesy of SonoSite
  • X-Ray

    X-ray technology is the oldest and most commonly used form of medical imaging. X-rays use ionizing radiation to produce images of a person’s internal structure by sending X-ray beams through the body, which are absorbed in different amounts depending on the density of the material. In addition, included as “x-ray type” devices are also mammography,  interventional radiology, computed radiography, digital radiography and computed tomography (CT).  Radiation Therapy is a type of device which also utilizes either x-rays, gamma rays, electron beams or protons to treat cancer.

    X-ray images are typically used to evaluate:

    • Broken bones
    • Cavities
    • Swallowed objects
    • Lungs
    • Blood vessels
    • Breast (mammography)

     

    Courtesy of GE Healthcare
    Courtesy of GE Healthcare